Vienna Underground – A brief History
People transport in Vienna just isn’t alone on the subway. You will find driving busses, trams as well as the overground train. You don’t have an exact date for your first day, when drives began around the subway from Vienna. It had been an extremely complicated system. The initial date within the books is 1898 with all the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – a system that is nearly the identical today. We speak from Line 4 and a a part of Line 6, known today as modern trains as well as in 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The difference is only a matter of changing times.
1925 was the year, where the City Train was reopened as a possible urban transport system after being electrified by the town of Vienna. The operation took place, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected lots of places inside the city. Within the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines in the center: U3 and U6 and in the following several years to 2028 will build the extension from your lines U1, U2 and U5.
New dates for opening
The next first date from the subway of Vienna was 1976 if the first new subway train ran on the route between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. This is termed as a “test operation”. In addition, the traveled route ended up operational since 1901.
Last although not the very least, in the year 1978, was built the first new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It absolutely was opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had been recently about the U4 line for 2 years.
I am inclined to view the year 1898 as correct, analogous for the opening date of the London Underground in 1863: this season too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels in addition to their electrification occurred a while later. The initial electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, but there’s nowhere a reference – the London Underground would not have been opened until 1890. In this sense, 1898 appears to me to become acceptable to Vienna u bahn.
The Middle of the Century
After World War II, the decission was taken in 1946 to return two-thirds of the area “Greater Vienna” to reduce Austria. The emergence with the “Iron Curtain” as well as the occupation of Vienna through the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted being a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared the war project from the Siemens Building Union as a possible official subway network; it had been aimed at an urban area of 3 to 4 million inhabitants, as well as today isn’t on the horizon. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but without any potential for realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).
In the city, motorized private transport increased strongly from your fifties. The resulting conflict of usage in public places roads was then often solved in support of private transport: Such as many places in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, however, not as radical such as other cities. The tasks with the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly towards the new bus lines. In these years, there was clearly also an unlucky politicization from the subway question, since the conservative OVP within the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for your subway, the dominant SPO as well as the housing within the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It was assumed that the Viennese subway would result in excessive promotion with the centrality with the inner city.
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