Vienna Underground – A brief History
People transport in Vienna just isn’t alone on the subway. You can find driving busses, trams and also the overground train. You don’t have a precise date for the first day, when drives began about the subway from Vienna. It absolutely was an extremely complicated system. The initial date inside the books is 1898 with the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – a method that is nearly the same today. We speak from Line 4 plus a a part of Line 6, known today as modern trains plus 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The main difference is only a a few changing times.
1925 was the season, where the City Train was reopened being an urban transport system after being electrified through the town of Vienna. The operation occurred, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected a lot of places inside the city. Within the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines within the center: U3 and U6 and in the next years to 2028 will build the extension from the lines U1, U2 and U5.
New dates for opening
The 3rd first date in the subway of Vienna was 1976 if the first new subway train ran on the route between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. This was called a “test operation”. Additionally, the traveled route had been operational since 1901.
Last but not minimal, in 1978, was built the very first new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It absolutely was opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had recently been on the U4 line for just two years.
I tend to observe the year 1898 as correct, analogous for the opening date of the London Underground in 1863: this year too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels in addition to their electrification happened some time later. The first electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, but there’s nowhere a reference – the London Underground do not need been opened until 1890. On this sense, 1898 generally seems to me being acceptable to U2 Stationen.
The center of a lifetime
After Wwii, it was decided in 1946 to come back two-thirds of the area “Greater Vienna” to lessen Austria. The emergence from the “Iron Curtain” and also the occupation of Vienna from the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted like a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared world war 2 project with the Siemens Building Union as an official subway network; it had been aimed at an urban area of three to four million inhabitants, and even today is not around the corner. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but without any possibility of realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).
Inside the city, motorized private transport increased strongly in the fifties. The resulting conflict of usage in public places roads ended up being often solved in support of private transport: As with a multitude of locations in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, however, not as radical as in other cities. The duties of the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly for the new bus lines. During these years, there is also a regrettable politicization of the subway question, since the conservative OVP inside the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for that subway, the dominant SPO and the housing inside the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It had been assumed that a Viennese subway would lead to excessive promotion from the centrality with the inner city.
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