The general public transport in Vienna is not alone on the subway. You can find driving busses, trams as well as the overground train. You do not have a perfect date for the first day, when drives began on the subway from Vienna. It absolutely was a very complicated system. The initial date inside the books is 1898 using the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – a system which is nearly the same today. We speak from Line 4 and a part of Line 6, known today as modern trains and in 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The main difference is only a matter of changing times.
1925 was the entire year, the location where the City Train was reopened as a possible urban transport system after being electrified by the town of Vienna. The operation happened, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected lots of places inside the city. Inside the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines within the center: U3 and U6 and in the subsequent years to 2028 will build the extension from the lines U1, U2 and U5.
New dates for opening
The 3rd first date in the subway of Vienna was 1976 once the first new subway train ran on the way between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. It was known as a “test operation”. Additionally, the traveled route ended up operational since 1901.
Last however, not the least, in 1978, was built the very first new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It absolutely was opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had already been about the U4 line for 2 years.
I am inclined to observe the year 1898 as correct, analogous for the opening date with the London Underground in 1863: this season too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels in addition to their electrification occurred time later. The initial electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, but there’s nowhere a reference – the London Underground do not need been opened until 1890. On this sense, 1898 generally seems to me being acceptable to Wien U Bahn.
The Middle of the Century
After World War II, it was decided in 1946 to go back two-thirds from the area “Greater Vienna” to Lower Austria. The emergence from the “Iron Curtain” and the occupation of Vienna from the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted being a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared world war 2 project from the Siemens Building Union being an official subway network; it had been directed at an urban area of three or four million inhabitants, and also today just isn’t around the corner. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but without the possibility of realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).
Within the city, motorized private transport increased strongly in the fifties. The resulting conflict of usage in public places roads ended up being often solved and only private transport: As with many places in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, although not as radical as with other cities. The duties with the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly towards the new bus lines. In these years, there was clearly also an unfortunate politicization of the subway question, as the conservative OVP inside the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for the subway, the dominant SPO and also the housing in the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It had been assumed a Viennese subway would result in excessive promotion with the centrality from the inner city.
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