Vienna Underground – A brief History
The general public transport in Vienna is not alone on the subway. You will find driving busses, trams as well as the overground train. You don’t have a perfect date for that first day, when drives began on the subway from Vienna. It was an extremely complicated system. The first date in the books is 1898 using the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – something which is nearly the same today. We speak from Line 4 and a a part of Line 6, known today as modern trains and in 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The main difference is simply a few changing times.
1925 was the entire year, where the City Train was reopened being an urban transport system after being electrified through the city of Vienna. The operation took place, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected lots of places inside the city. Within the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines in the center: U3 and U6 and in the following many years to 2028 will build the extension from the lines U1, U2 and U5.
New dates for opening
The next first date from your subway of Vienna was 1976 once the first new subway train ran along the way between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. This was termed as a “test operation”. Additionally, the traveled route ended up operational since 1901.
Last although not the very least, in the year 1978, was built the very first new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It was opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had already been on the U4 line for 2 years.
I tend to see the year 1898 as correct, analogous to the opening date with the London Underground in 1863: this season too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels as well as their electrification took place a while later. The first electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, there is however nowhere a reference – the London Underground will not have been opened until 1890. On this sense, 1898 seems to me to be acceptable to U2 Wien.
The midst of the Century
After World War II, the decission was taken in 1946 to return two-thirds with the area “Greater Vienna” to reduce Austria. The emergence with the “Iron Curtain” and the occupation of Vienna by the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted being a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared world war 2 project of the Siemens Building Union as an official subway network; it had been aimed at an urban area of 3 to 4 million inhabitants, and even today isn’t around the corner. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but without the chance of realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).
Within the city, motorized private transport increased strongly in the fifties. The resulting conflict useful in public roads ended up being often solved and only private transport: As with many places in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, but not as radical as with other cities. The tasks of the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly for the new bus lines. Over these years, there was clearly also an unfortunate politicization with the subway question, since the conservative OVP in the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for the subway, the dominant SPO and also the housing inside the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It absolutely was assumed that a Viennese subway would cause excessive promotion of the centrality of the inner city.
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