Vienna Underground – A quick History
People transport in Vienna is not alone about the subway. You can find driving busses, trams as well as the overground train. You do not have a perfect date for that first day, when drives began around the subway from Vienna. It absolutely was a really complicated system. The initial date within the books is 1898 with all the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – a system that is nearly the same today. We speak from Line 4 and a a part of Line 6, known today as modern trains as well as in 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The real difference is only a a few changing times.
1925 was the entire year, in which the City Train was reopened as an urban transport system after being electrified from the capital of scotland- Vienna. The operation took place, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected plenty of places within the city. Within the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines within the center: U3 and U6 as well as in the next several years to 2028 will build the extension in the lines U1, U2 and U5.
New dates for opening
The third first date in the subway of Vienna was 1976 once the first new subway train ran on the route between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. It was termed as a “test operation”. In addition, the traveled route ended up operational since 1901.
Last however, not minimal, in the year 1978, was built the initial new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It had been opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had recently been on the U4 line for two years.
I tend to view the year 1898 as correct, analogous for the opening date of the London Underground in 1863: this season too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels in addition to their electrification happened a while later. The first electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, but there’s nowhere a reference – the London Underground will not have been opened until 1890. Within this sense, 1898 seems to me to become acceptable to Bohrkopf.
The center of the Century
After World War II, the decission was taken in 1946 to go back two-thirds from the area “Greater Vienna” to lessen Austria. The emergence with the “Iron Curtain” as well as the occupation of Vienna through the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted being a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared world war 2 project from the Siemens Building Union as an official subway network; it was targeted at a town of three to four million inhabitants, and even today isn’t around the corner. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but with no possibility of realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).
Within the city, motorized private transport increased strongly in the fifties. The resulting conflict of usage in public places roads ended up being often solved in favor of private transport: As in a multitude of locations in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, but not as radical as with other cities. The duties with the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly towards the new bus lines. Over these years, there is also an unlucky politicization with the subway question, because the conservative OVP inside the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for that subway, the dominant SPO and the housing inside the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It had been assumed a Viennese subway would lead to excessive promotion from the centrality from the inner city.
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