Vienna Underground – A quick History
The public transport in Vienna is not alone on the subway. You can find driving busses, trams as well as the overground train. You do not have a precise date for your first day, when drives began on the subway from Vienna. It absolutely was an extremely complicated system. The very first date inside the books is 1898 using the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – a system that is nearly exactly the same today. We speak from Line 4 plus a a part of Line 6, known today as modern trains as well as in 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The real difference is just a matter of changing times.
1925 was the season, where the City Train was reopened being an urban transport system after being electrified from the city of Vienna. The operation occurred, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected plenty of places inside the city. In the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines in the center: U3 and U6 as well as in the following several years to 2028 will build the extension in the lines U1, U2 and U5.
New dates for opening
The 3rd first date in the subway of Vienna was 1976 when the first new subway train ran along the way between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. It was termed as a “test operation”. In addition, the traveled route ended up operational since 1901.
Last although not the least, around 1978, was built the initial new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It absolutely was opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had recently been on the U4 line for just two years.
I tend to see the year 1898 as correct, analogous towards the opening date from the London Underground in 1863: this coming year too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels in addition to their electrification happened time later. The very first electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, but there is nowhere a reference – the London Underground will not have been opened until 1890. Within this sense, 1898 generally seems to me being acceptable to Bohrkopf.
The Middle of a lifetime
After World War II, it was decided in 1946 to go back two-thirds from the area “Greater Vienna” to Lower Austria. The emergence with the “Iron Curtain” and also the occupation of Vienna through the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted like a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared the war project of the Siemens Building Union as an official subway network; it absolutely was directed at an urban area of three or four million inhabitants, and even today isn’t around the corner. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but without the possibility of realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).
Within the city, motorized private transport increased strongly from your fifties. The resulting conflict of usage in public areas roads was then often solved in favor of private transport: As in a multitude of locations in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, but not as radical such as other cities. The jobs with the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly for the new bus lines. During these years, there was clearly also an unlucky politicization from the subway question, since the conservative OVP in the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for the subway, the dominant SPO and the housing in the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It had been assumed that the Viennese subway would lead to excessive promotion from the centrality of the inner city.
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