Vienna Underground – A quick History
The general public transport in Vienna is not alone about the subway. You will find driving busses, trams as well as the overground train. There isn’t a perfect date for that first day, when drives began on the subway from Vienna. It absolutely was a very complicated system. The first date in the books is 1898 with all the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – a system which can be nearly the identical today. We speak from Line 4 along with a section of Line 6, known today as modern trains and in 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The difference is only a a few changing times.
1925 was the year, in which the City Train was reopened as an urban transport system after being electrified by the capital of scotland- Vienna. The operation happened, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected lots of places in the city. In the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines within the center: U3 and U6 as well as in the subsequent years to 2028 will build the extension in the lines U1, U2 and U5.
New dates for opening
The next first date from your subway of Vienna was 1976 once the first new subway train ran on the way between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. This was called a “test operation”. Additionally, the traveled route had been operational since 1901.
Last although not minimal, around 1978, was built the first new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It had been opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had already been around the U4 line for two years.
I am inclined to observe the year 1898 as correct, analogous for the opening date of the London Underground in 1863: this season too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels in addition to their electrification took place a while later. The first electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, but there is nowhere a reference – the London Underground will not have been opened until 1890. Within this sense, 1898 appears to me being acceptable to Wien U-Bahn.
The Middle of a lifetime
After The second world war, it was decided in 1946 to return two-thirds of the area “Greater Vienna” to lessen Austria. The emergence of the “Iron Curtain” as well as the occupation of Vienna from the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted like a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared world war 2 project from the Siemens Building Union as an official subway network; it had been aimed at a city of three to four million inhabitants, and also today just isn’t in sight. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but without the chance of realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).
In the city, motorized private transport increased strongly in the fifties. The resulting conflict of usage in public roads was then often solved in favor of private transport: As in many places in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, although not as radical as with other cities. The duties of the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly towards the new bus lines. During these years, there is also an unlucky politicization of the subway question, because the conservative OVP inside the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for the subway, the dominant SPO and also the housing in the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It was assumed that a Viennese subway would lead to excessive promotion from the centrality with the inner city.
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