Vienna Underground – A Short History
People transport in Vienna is not alone around the subway. You will find driving busses, trams and the overground train. There isn’t a perfect date for your first day, when drives began around the subway from Vienna. It absolutely was a really complicated system. The very first date inside the books is 1898 using the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – something that is nearly the same today. We speak from Line 4 along with a part of Line 6, known today as modern trains and in 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The main difference is just a few changing times.
1925 was the season, in which the City Train was reopened being an urban transport system after being electrified by the capital of scotland- Vienna. The operation happened, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected plenty of places inside the city. In the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines inside the center: U3 and U6 plus the next several years to 2028 will build the extension in the lines U1, U2 and U5.
New dates for opening
The 3rd first date from your subway of Vienna was 1976 when the first new subway train ran on the route between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. This is known as a “test operation”. In addition, the traveled route had been operational since 1901.
Last but not the very least, around 1978, was built the initial new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It absolutely was opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had already been around the U4 line for two years.
I am inclined to view the year 1898 as correct, analogous to the opening date from the London Underground in 1863: this season too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels in addition to their electrification took place some time later. The initial electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, but there’s nowhere a reference – the London Underground will not have been opened until 1890. On this sense, 1898 generally seems to me to become acceptable to U2 Stationen.
The center of a lifetime
After Wwii, the decission was taken in 1946 to come back two-thirds from the area “Greater Vienna” to reduce Austria. The emergence of the “Iron Curtain” as well as the occupation of Vienna by the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted like a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared world war 2 project of the Siemens Building Union as a possible official subway network; it was targeted at an urban area of 3 to 4 million inhabitants, and even today just isn’t in sight. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but with no potential for realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).
Inside the city, motorized private transport increased strongly from your fifties. The resulting conflict of use in public places roads was then often solved in support of private transport: As in numerous avenues in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, although not as radical such as other cities. The tasks with the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly to the new bus lines. During these years, there was clearly also an unlucky politicization of the subway question, as the conservative OVP in the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for that subway, the dominant SPO and the housing in the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It had been assumed that the Viennese subway would lead to excessive promotion with the centrality of the inner city.
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