Vienna Underground – A Short History
The general public transport in Vienna is not alone around the subway. You can find driving busses, trams and the overground train. You do not have an exact date for your first day, when drives began about the subway from Vienna. It was a really complicated system. The very first date within the books is 1898 with the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – a method that is nearly exactly the same today. We speak from Line 4 and a part of Line 6, known today as modern trains and in 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The real difference is just a few changing times.
1925 was the season, the location where the City Train was reopened being an urban transport system after being electrified by the capital of scotland- Vienna. The operation took place, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected plenty of places inside the city. In the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines within the center: U3 and U6 plus the next years to 2028 will build the extension in the lines U1, U2 and U5.
New dates for opening
The third first date from the subway of Vienna was 1976 once the first new subway train ran on the route between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. It was called a “test operation”. In addition, the traveled route had been operational since 1901.
Last although not the very least, around 1978, was built the first new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It was opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had recently been around the U4 line for just two years.
I tend to view the year 1898 as correct, analogous for the opening date from the London Underground in 1863: this season too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels as well as their electrification occurred a while later. The very first electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, but there is nowhere a reference – the London Underground would not have been opened until 1890. In this sense, 1898 generally seems to me to become acceptable to U-Bahn Wien.
The Middle of a lifetime
After World War II, it was decided in 1946 to go back two-thirds from the area “Greater Vienna” to reduce Austria. The emergence from the “Iron Curtain” as well as the occupation of Vienna through the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted being a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared world war 2 project from the Siemens Building Union as a possible official subway network; it was aimed at a town of three or four million inhabitants, and also today is not on the horizon. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but with no chance of realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).
In the city, motorized private transport increased strongly from the fifties. The resulting conflict of usage in public roads was then often solved in support of private transport: As with many places in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, although not as radical as in other cities. The duties with the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly to the new bus lines. Over these years, there was also an unlucky politicization from the subway question, as the conservative OVP in the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for the subway, the dominant SPO as well as the housing within the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It absolutely was assumed that a Viennese subway would lead to excessive promotion from the centrality from the inner city.
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